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Awareness of Colorectal Cancer: Recognition of Symptoms and Risk Factors by Socio-demographic Characteristics

Niksic, Maja and Forbes, Lindsay J.L. (2018) Awareness of Colorectal Cancer: Recognition of Symptoms and Risk Factors by Socio-demographic Characteristics. In: Timely Diagnosis of Colorectal Cancer. Springer, Cham, Switzerland, pp. 1-20. ISBN 978-3-319-65285-6. E-ISBN 978-3-319-65286-3. (doi:10.1007/978-3-319-65286-3_1) (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:78013)

The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided. (Contact us about this Publication)
Official URL
https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-65286-3_1

Abstract

Background: Early recognition of symptoms of colorectal cancer enables prompt help-seeking and timely diagnosis that may save lives. We aimed to assess public awareness of symptoms of colorectal cancer, anticipated delay to help-seeking in relation to these symptoms, and knowledge of risk factors and most common types of cancer in the English population.

Methods: Cross-sectional surveys (n = 38,630), using the first validated measure of public cancer awareness—the Cancer Research UK Cancer Awareness Measure (CAM), were carried out in England during 2009/11. We examined the association of cancer symptom awareness, knowledge of risk factors for colorectal cancer and anticipated time to help-seeking with age, gender, marital status, educational attainment and socio-economic position. Data were analysed using Kruskal-Wallis tests and logistic regression models.

Results: Knowledge that colorectal cancer is the third most common type of cancer in men and women was poor, as only about 10% of participants were aware of this fact. Almost half of participants could not recall any symptom of (46%) or any risk factor (44%) for colorectal cancer. Participants who least frequently recalled and recognised the four cancer symptoms were men, the youngest, the socio-economically deprived, unemployed and single participants. Over a third of participants reported that they would delay help-seeking for more than 2 weeks for “unexplained weight loss” (38%), but only 5% reported this for “unexplained bleeding”. The elderly, the underprivileged and participants without a degree least frequently recognised risk factors, especially “eating red or processed meat each day” and “eating less than 5 of fruit and vegetables a day”.

Conclusions: Future campaigns should focus on increasing awareness about symptoms and risk factors of colorectal cancer, and ensuring that people know how common this cancer is. Further efforts are needed to encourage early presentation, particularly among population sub-groups with low cancer awareness.

Item Type: Book section
DOI/Identification number: 10.1007/978-3-319-65286-3_1
Additional information: Unmapped bibliographic data: ED - Olsson, Louise [Field not mapped to EPrints] BT - Timely Diagnosis of Colorectal Cancer [Field not mapped to EPrints]
Uncontrolled keywords: colorectal cancer; symptom recognition; symptom awareness; risk factors; time to help-seeking
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research > Centre for Health Services Studies
Depositing User: Lindsay Forbes
Date Deposited: 28 Oct 2019 21:58 UTC
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2020 04:12 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/78013 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Forbes, Lindsay J.L.: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4654-9520
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