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The expanding functional roles and signaling mechanisms of adhesion G protein–coupled receptors

Morgan, Rory K., Anderson, Garret R., Araç, Demet, Aust, Gabriela, Balenga, Nariman, Boucard, Antony, Bridges, James P., Engel, Felix B., Formstone, Caroline J., Glitsch, Maike D., and others. (2019) The expanding functional roles and signaling mechanisms of adhesion G protein–coupled receptors. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1456 (1). pp. 5-25. ISSN 0077-8923. (doi:10.1111/nyas.14094) (KAR id:76437)

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The adhesion class of G protein–coupled receptors (GPCRs) is the second largest family of GPCRs (33 members in humans). Adhesion GPCRs (aGPCRs) are defined by a large extracellular N‐terminal region that is linked to a C‐terminal seven transmembrane (7TM) domain via a GPCR‐autoproteolysis inducing (GAIN) domain containing a GPCR proteolytic site (GPS). Most aGPCRs undergo autoproteolysis at the GPS motif, but the cleaved fragments stay closely associated, with the N‐terminal fragment (NTF) bound to the 7TM of the C‐terminal fragment (CTF). The NTFs of most aGPCRs contain domains known to be involved in cell–cell adhesion, while the CTFs are involved in classical G protein signaling, as well as other intracellular signaling. In this workshop report, we review the most recent findings on the biology, signaling mechanisms, and physiological functions of aGPCRs.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1111/nyas.14094
Uncontrolled keywords: adhesion G protein–coupled receptor, structural biology, signal transduction, mechanosensation, development, neurobiology, immunology, cancer
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > Medway School of Pharmacy
Depositing User: Yuri Ushkarev
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2019 14:35 UTC
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2022 06:25 UTC
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