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Prison officer self-legitimacy and support for rehabilitation in Ghana

Akoensi, Thomas D, Tankebe, Justice (2020) Prison officer self-legitimacy and support for rehabilitation in Ghana. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 47 (1). pp. 22-38. ISSN 0093-8548. E-ISSN 1552-3594. (doi:10.1177/0093854819879729)

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Abstract

Legitimacy refers to the moral recognition of power, and prison legitimacy remains a principal issue for prison researchers and managers. However, the prison legitimacy literature tends to focus on the views held by individuals in custody. Research on prison officer Self-Legitimacy – that is, the powerholders’ belief that the authority vested in them is morally right – remains scanty. Drawing on data from a survey of 1,062 prison officers in Ghana, this study examined both the correlates of prison officer Self-Legitimacy and the links between Self-Legitimacy and Support for Rehabilitation of individuals in custody. The results of multivariate analyses showed that having good Relations with Colleagues and being treated fairly by supervisors enhance prison officers’ Self-Legitimacy. In turn, Self-Legitimacy was found to increase officers’ Support for Rehabilitation. Finally, perceived Fair Treatment by Supervisors and positive Relations with Individuals in Custody were associated with increased Support for Rehabilitation. The implications of these findings are discussed.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1177/0093854819879729
Uncontrolled keywords: self-legitimacy; legitimacy; rehabilitation; recognition; Ghana prisons
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research
Depositing User: Thomas D. Akoensi
Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2019 09:42 UTC
Last Modified: 12 Feb 2020 15:04 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/76226 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Akoensi, Thomas D: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5072-2576
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