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A Comparative Study of Induced and Transferred Charges for Mass Flow Rate Measurement of Pneumatically Conveyed Particles

Hu, Yonghui, Yan, Yong, Qian, Xiangchen, Zhang, Wenbiao (2019) A Comparative Study of Induced and Transferred Charges for Mass Flow Rate Measurement of Pneumatically Conveyed Particles. Powder Technology, 356 . pp. 715-725. ISSN 0032-5910. E-ISSN 1873-328X. (KAR id:76225)

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Abstract

In-line measurement of the mass flow rate of solids in pneumatic conveying pipelines is essential for the efficient and optimized operation of many industrial processes. This paper presents a comparative study of using induced and transferred charges from non-intrusive electrodes exposed to the particle flow for mass flow rate measurement. A novel signal conditioning circuit, which consists of a current sense amplifier and a charge amplifier, is designed to convert the induced and transferred charges into two separate voltage signals. Empirical measurement models that relate the particle velocity, the root-mean-square (r.m.s) magnitude of the induced charge signal and the slope of the transferred charge signal to the mass flow rate are proposed. Experiments were undertaken using electrodes of different widths and under different mass flow rate and particle velocity conditions. Results obtained show that both the r.m.s magnitude of the induced charge signal and the slope of the transferred charge signal increase with the mass flow rate and the velocity of particles. In general, the measurement results using the induced and transferred charges from either the narrow or the wide electrode are similar. However, the method based on the transferred charge is less reliable due to confined sensing area and electrode charging by particles adhered to the electrode surface.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: Electrostatic sensor, mass flow rate measurement, induced charge, transferred charge, gas–solid two-phase flow
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA165 Engineering instruments, meters etc. Industrial instrumentation
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Computing, Engineering and Mathematical Sciences > School of Engineering and Digital Arts
Depositing User: Yong Yan
Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2019 10:10 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 14:07 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/76225 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Yan, Yong: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7135-5456
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