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Pharmacologically Reversible, Loss of Function Mutations in the tm2 and tm4 Inner Pore Helices of Trek-1 k2p Channels

Al-Moubarak, Ehab, Veale, Emma L., Mathie, Alistair (2019) Pharmacologically Reversible, Loss of Function Mutations in the tm2 and tm4 Inner Pore Helices of Trek-1 k2p Channels. Scientific Reports, 9 . Article Number 12394. ISSN 2045-2322. (doi:10.1038/s41598-019-48855-1) (KAR id:76214)

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https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-48855-1

Abstract

A better understanding of the gating of TREK two pore domain potassium (K2P) channels and their activation by compounds such as the negatively charged activator, flufenamic acid (FFA) is critical in the search for more potent and selective activators of these channels. Currents through wild-type and mutated human K2P channels expressed in tsA201 cells were measured using whole-cell patch-clamp recordings in the presence and absence of FFA. Mutation of the TM2.6 residue of TREK-1 to a phenylalanine (G171F) and a similar mutation of TM4.6 (A286F) substantially reduced current through TREK-1 channels. In complementary experiments, replacing the natural F residues at the equivalent position in TRESK channels, significantly enhanced current. Known, gain of function mutations of TREK-1 (G137I, Y284A) recovered current through these mutated channels. This reduction in current could be also be reversed pharmacologically, by FFA. However, an appropriate length MTS (MethaneThioSulfonate) cross-linking reagent (MTS14) restricted the activation of TREK-1_A286C channels by repeated application of FFA. This suggests that the cross-linker stabilises the channel in a conformation which blunts FFA activation. Pharmacologically reversible mutations of TREK channels will help to clarify the importance of these channels in pathophysiological conditions such as pain and depression.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1038/s41598-019-48855-1
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > Medway School of Pharmacy
Depositing User: Alistair Mathie
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2019 13:45 UTC
Last Modified: 02 Sep 2020 08:46 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/76214 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Veale, Emma L.: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6778-9929
Mathie, Alistair: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6094-2890
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