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Interannual climate variation, land type and village livelihood effects on fires in Kalimantan, Indonesia

Santika, Truly, Budiharta, Sugeng, Law, Elizabeth A., Dennis, Rona, Dohong, Alue, Struebig, Matthew J., Medrilzam, M, Gunawan, Haris, Meijaard, Erik, Wilson, Kerrie A. and others. (2020) Interannual climate variation, land type and village livelihood effects on fires in Kalimantan, Indonesia. Global Environmental Change, 64 . Article Number 102129. ISSN 0959-3780. (doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2020.102129) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:75975)

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https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2020.102129

Abstract

The increasing extent and frequency of fires globally requires nuanced understanding of the drivers of largescale events for improved prevention and mitigation. Yet, the drivers of fires are often poorly understood by various stakeholders in spatially expansive and temporally dynamic landscapes. Further, perceptions about the main cause of fires vary amongst stakeholders, which amplify ongoing challenges from policies being implemented inconsistently across different governance levels. Here, we develop a spatially and temporallyexplicit typology of fire prevalence across Kalimantan, Indonesia, a region with significant contribution to global greenhouse gas emissions. Based on livelihood information and data on climate, soil type and forest degradation

status, we find that in intact forest the density of fires in villages that largely coincide with oil palm concessions was twice as high as in villages outside the concessions across all years. Fires occurring in degraded land on mineral soil across all years were also most prevalent in villages with industrial plantations (oil palm or timber). On the other hand, in degraded peatland, where fires are most intense during dry years induced by the El Niño episodes, occurrence rates were high regardless of village primary livelihoods. Based on these findings we recommend two key priorities for fire mitigation going forward for policy across different governance levels in Kalimantan: degraded peatland as the priority area and industrial plantations as the priority sector. Our study suggests a fire prevention and mitigation approach, which accounts for climate, land type and village livelihood, has the potential to deliver more effective means of management.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2020.102129
Uncontrolled keywords: fire typology; industrial plantations; peatland; policy discourse; spatio-temporal analysis; subsistence livelihoods; zero burning
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GB Physical geography
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > DICE (Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology)
Depositing User: Matthew Struebig
Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2020 13:35 UTC
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2020 14:42 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/75975 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Struebig, Matthew J.: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2058-8502
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