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Short-term physical training enhances mirror system activation to action observation

Brunsdon, Victoria E.A., Bradford, Elisabeth E.F., Smith, Laura, Ferguson, Heather J. (2019) Short-term physical training enhances mirror system activation to action observation. Social Neuroscience, . ISSN 1747-0919. (doi:10.1080/17470919.2019.1660708) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Abstract

The mirroring of actions is performed by a specialized system of neurons found in the sensorimotor cortex, termed the mirror neuron system. This system is considered an important mechanism that facilitates social understanding. We present a pre-registered experiment that used EEG to investigate whether short-term training via physical rehearsal or observational learning elicit distinct changes in mirror neuron activity for unfamiliar hand actions, and whether these training effects are influenced by degree of familiarity (i.e. the frequency of action repetitions during training). Sixty adults completed a pre- and post-training EEG action observation task. Half of the participants completed 30 minutes of execution training (i.e. observing and performing unfamiliar hand actions), and half completed observation-only training (i.e. observing unfamiliar hand actions being performed). Post-training familiarity was manipulated by varying the number of training repetitions for each hand action (from 0 to 50 repetitions). Results revealed that sensorimotor cortex activity to the observation of hand actions increased following execution training, but did not change when training was simply observational. Moreover, frequency of training repetitions did not modulate sensorimotor cortex activation after training, suggesting that short-term physical rehearsal enhances general processes involved in action understanding, rather than specific motor representations.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1080/17470919.2019.1660708
Uncontrolled keywords: EEG; sensorimotor cortex; mirror neurons; mu desynchronization; action observation
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Cognitive Psychology
Depositing User: Heather Ferguson
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2019 08:37 UTC
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2019 12:47 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/75964 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Brunsdon, Victoria E.A.: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6590-6880
Bradford, Elisabeth E.F.: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7647-0891
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