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Chromatin Profiling of the Repetitive and Nonrepetitive Genomes of the Human Fungal Pathogen Candida albicans

Jordan Price, Robert, Weindling, Esther, Berman, Judith, Buscaino, Alessia (2019) Chromatin Profiling of the Repetitive and Nonrepetitive Genomes of the Human Fungal Pathogen Candida albicans. mBio, 10 (4). ISSN 2150-7511. (doi:10.1128/mBio.01376-19) (KAR id:75543)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/mBio.01376-19

Abstract

Eukaryotic genomes are packaged into chromatin structures that play pivotal roles in regulating all DNA-associated processes. Histone posttranslational modifications modulate chromatin structure and function, leading to rapid regulation of gene expression and genome stability, key steps in environmental adaptation. Candida albicans, a prevalent fungal pathogen in humans, can rapidly adapt and thrive in diverse host niches. The contribution of chromatin to C. albicans biology is largely unexplored. Here, we generated the first comprehensive chromatin profile of histone modifications (histone H3 trimethylated on lysine 4 [H3K4me3], histone H3 acetylated on lysine 9 [H3K9Ac], acetylated lysine 16 on histone H4 [H4K16Ac], and γH2A) across the C. albicans genome and investigated its relationship to gene expression by harnessing genome-wide sequencing approaches. We demonstrated that gene-rich nonrepetitive regions are packaged into canonical euchromatin in association with histone modifications that mirror their transcriptional activity. In contrast, repetitive regions are assembled into distinct chromatin states; subtelomeric regions and the ribosomal DNA (rDNA) locus are assembled into heterochromatin, while major repeat sequences and transposons are packaged in chromatin that bears features of euchromatin and heterochromatin. Genome-wide mapping of γH2A, a marker of genome instability, identified potential recombination-prone genomic loci. Finally, we present the first quantitative chromatin profiling in C. albicans to delineate the role of the chromatin modifiers Sir2 and Set1 in controlling chromatin structure and gene expression. This report presents the first genome-wide chromatin profiling of histone modifications associated with the C. albicans genome. These epigenomic maps provide an invaluable resource to understand the contribution of chromatin to C. albicans biology and identify aspects of C. albicans chromatin organization that differ from that of other yeasts.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1128/mBio.01376-19
Uncontrolled keywords: Candida albicans, euchromatin, genome instability, heterochromatin, chromatin, epigenetics
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > School of Biosciences
Depositing User: Alessia Buscaino
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2019 11:43 UTC
Last Modified: 04 Feb 2020 10:45 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/75543 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Berman, Judith: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8577-0084
Buscaino, Alessia: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1704-3168
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