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Putting Your Money Where Your Mouth is: Examining Metacognition in ASD Using Post-decision Wagering

Carpenter, Katie, Williams, David M., Nicholson, Toby (2019) Putting Your Money Where Your Mouth is: Examining Metacognition in ASD Using Post-decision Wagering. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 49 (10). pp. 4268-4279. ISSN 0162-3257. (doi:10.1007/s10803-019-04118-6)

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https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-019-04118-6

Abstract

It has been argued that metacognition and mindreading rely on the same cognitive processes (Carruthers in The opacity of mind: an integrative theory of self-knowledge, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2011). It is widely accepted that mindreading is diminished among individuals diagnosed with autism (Brunsdon and Happé in Autism 18(1):17–30, 2014), however, little is known about metacognition. This study examined metacognition in relation to mindreading and autism using post-decision wagering. Results from a student sample showed negative associations between autism traits and metacognitive accuracy, and metacognitive reaction times and mindreading. These findings were replicated in a general population sample, providing evidence of a reliable association between metacognition, mindreading and autism traits. However, adults diagnosed with autism showed equivalent levels of metacognitive accuracy to age- and IQ-matched comparison participants, albeit only with an overall increase in meta-level processing time.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1007/s10803-019-04118-6
Uncontrolled keywords: Autism, Metacognition, Mindreading, Post-decision wagering
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: David Williams
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2019 14:47 UTC
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2020 04:11 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/75346 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Carpenter, Katie: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9575-6836
Williams, David M.: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2973-7677
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