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Understanding what works, why and in what circumstances in Hospice at Home Services for End of Life Care: applying a realist logic of analysis to a systematically searched literature review.

Hashem, Ferhana, Brigden, Charlotte L., Wilson, Patricia M., Butler, Claire (2019) Understanding what works, why and in what circumstances in Hospice at Home Services for End of Life Care: applying a realist logic of analysis to a systematically searched literature review. Palliative Medicine, . ISSN 0269-2163. E-ISSN 1477-030X. (In press)

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Abstract

Background: We have undertaken a systematically searched literature review using a realist logic of analysis to help synthesise the diverse range of literature available on hospice at home services. Aim: To find out in the existing literature what features of hospice at home models work best, for whom and under what circumstances. Design: A realist logic of analysis was applied to synthesise the evidence focusing on mechanisms by which an intervention worked (or did not work). An initial programme theory was developed using the National Association for Hospice at Home standards, Normalisation Process Theory and through refinement using stakeholder engagement. Data sources: PubMed, Science Direct, AMED, BNI, CINAHL, EMBASE, Health Business Elite, HMIC, Medline, PsychINFO, SCOPUS, Web of Science, DARE, Google Scholar, NHS Evidence, NIHR CRN portfolio database, NIHR journal library of funded studies, including searches on websites of relevant professional bodies [August 2014, June 2017, June 2019]. Results: Forty-nine papers were reviewed, of which 34 wereincluded contributing evidence to at least one of eight theory areas: marketing and referral, sustainable funding model, service responsiveness and availability, criteria for service admission, knowledge and skills of care providers, integration and co-ordination, anticipatory care, support directed at carers. Conclusions: Our literature review showed how it was possible to develop a coherent framework and test it against 34 published papers and abstracts. Central to this review was theory building, and as further evidence emerges, our programme theories can be refined and tested against any new empirical evidence. Key statements: Hospice at home services comprise of a diverse range of services based on local needs and contextual factors but little is known about which models work best, for whom and under what circumstances. Key areas to be taken into account in optimal hospice at home provision include the importance of the sustainability of the hospice at home service, supporting carer needs and having anticipatory care in place. There are gaps in the evidence in understanding how referral categories, training for non-specialist staff and better care co-ordination influences optimal hospice at home service provision. This paper contributes to understanding what needs to be in place for optimal hospice at home service provision.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research > Centre for Health Services Studies
Depositing User: Meg Dampier
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2019 09:16 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Jul 2019 09:14 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/75340 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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