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Building Taxonomies based on Human-Machine Teaming: Cyber Security as an Example

Mahaini, Mohamad Imad, Li, Shujun, Sağlam, Rahime Belen (2019) Building Taxonomies based on Human-Machine Teaming: Cyber Security as an Example. In: ICPS: ACM International Conference Proceeding Series. Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Availability, Reliability and Security. . ACM ISBN 978-1-4503-7164-3. (doi:10.1145/3339252.3339282)

Abstract

Taxonomies and ontologies are handy tools in many application domains such as knowledge systematization and automatic reasoning. In the cyber security field, many researchers have proposed such taxonomies and ontologies, most of which were built based on manual work. Some researchers proposed the use of computing tools to automate the building process, but mainly on very narrow sub-areas of cyber security. Thus, there is a lack of general cyber security taxonomies and ontologies, possibly due to the difficulties of manually curating keywords and concepts for such a diverse, inter-disciplinary and dynamically evolving field.

This paper presents a new human-machine teaming based process to build taxonomies, which allows human experts to work with automated natural language processing (NLP) and information retrieval (IR) tools to co-develop a taxonomy from a set of relevant textual documents. The proposed process could be generalized to support non-textual documents and to build (more complicated) ontologies as well. Using the cyber security as an example, we demonstrate how the proposed taxonomy building process has allowed us to build a general cyber security taxonomy covering a wide range of data-driven keywords (topics) with a reasonable amount of human effort.

Item Type: Conference or workshop item (Proceeding)
DOI/Identification number: 10.1145/3339252.3339282
Uncontrolled keywords: cyber security, taxonomy, ontology, knowledge representation, natural language processing (NLP), information retrieval (IR), online social network (OSN), Twitter, visualization
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics (inc Computing science) > QA 75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Q Science > QA Mathematics (inc Computing science) > QA 76 Software, computer programming,
Z Bibliography. Library Science. Information Resources > ZA Information resources
Divisions: Faculties > University wide - Teaching/Research Groups > Centre for Cyber Security Research
Faculties > Sciences > School of Computing > Security Group
Depositing User: Shujun Li
Date Deposited: 07 Jul 2019 19:32 UTC
Last Modified: 21 Aug 2019 11:02 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/75253 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Li, Shujun: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5628-7328
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