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Advancing the understanding of placebo effects in psychological outcomes of exercise: lessons learned and future directions

Lindheimer, Jacob, Szabo, Attila, Raglin, John, Beedie, Chris (2019) Advancing the understanding of placebo effects in psychological outcomes of exercise: lessons learned and future directions. European Journal of Sports Science, . ISSN 1746-1391. E-ISSN 1536-7290. (doi:10.1080/17461391.2019.1632937) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Abstract

Despite the apparent strength of scientific evidence suggesting that psychological benefits result from both acute and chronic exercise, concerns remain regarding the extent to which these benefits are explained by placebo effects. Addressing these concerns is methodologically and at times conceptually challenging. However, developments in the conceptualization and study of placebo effects from the fields of psychology, neuroscience, pharmacology, and human performance offer guidance for advancing the understanding of placebo effects in psychological responses to exercise. In clinical trials, expectations can be measured and experimentally manipulated to better understand the influence of placebo effects on treatment responses. Further, compelling evidence has shown that the contribution of placebo effects and their underlying neurobiological mechanisms to treatment effects can be measured without administering a traditional placebo (e.g., inert substance) by leveraging psychological factors such as expectations and conditioning. Hence, the purpose of this focused review is to integrate lessons such as these with the current body of literature on placebo effects in psychological responses to exercise and provide recommendations for future research directions

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1080/17461391.2019.1632937
Uncontrolled keywords: Behavior, Cognition, Health, Methodology, Neuroscience
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA790 Mental health
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Cognitive Psychology
Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Applied Psychology
Depositing User: C. Beedie
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2019 14:22 UTC
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2019 09:15 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/74471 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Beedie, Chris: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0106-3479
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