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Local people's preferences for biodiversity offsets to achieve ‘no net loss’ for economic developments

Griffiths, Victoria, Sheremet, Oleg, Hanley, Nick, Baker, Julia, Bull, Joseph, Milner-Gulland, E.J. (2019) Local people's preferences for biodiversity offsets to achieve ‘no net loss’ for economic developments. Biological Conservation, 236 . pp. 162-170. E-ISSN 0006-3207. (doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2019.05.049) (KAR id:74339)

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Abstract

Understanding people's preferences for biodiversity offsetting activities can help to design offsets that achieve ‘no net loss’ (NNL) of biodiversity while incorporating the use and cultural values associated with this biodiversity. We use a stated preference choice experiment to solicit preferences for different proposed biodiversity offsets, linked to two hydropower developments in Uganda, with the aim of improving social outcomes of the offsets. We surveyed 1215 respondents from six villages located along the river impacted by the hydropower projects. Overall, people preferred offsets and compensatory activities that benefit the entire village rather than just a few individuals. People opposed the removal of non-native trees from their Central Forest Reserve and some responded negatively towards free access to spiritual sites. Respondents' choices were influenced by gender, age, education level, length of time lived in the village, level of poverty, and whether they believed that the hydropower development had affected their wellbeing. Preferences also varied significantly between villages. Our findings provide insight into locally preferred options for biodiversity NNL offsets. They also demonstrate the use of choice experiments to inform decisions about biodiversity offsets, as part of ensuring that NNL strategies do not make local people worse off.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.biocon.2019.05.049
Uncontrolled keywords: Choice experiment Uganda Hydropower Biodiversity no net loss Equity Compensation
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > DICE (Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology)
Depositing User: Joseph Bull
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2019 09:15 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 14:05 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/74339 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Bull, Joseph: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7337-8977
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