Ishak, Jocelyne
(2019)
Rigidity of the K(1)-local stable homotopy category.
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) thesis, University of Kent.
Abstract
One goal of algebraic topology is to ﬁnd algebraic invariants that classify topological spaces up to homotopy equivalence. The notion of homotopy is not only restricted to topology. It also appears in algebra, for example as a chain homotopy between two maps of chain complexes. The theory of model categories,introduced by D. Quillen [Qui06], provided us with a powerful common language to represent diﬀerent notions of homotopy. Quillen’s work transformed algebraic topology from the study of topological spaces into a wider setting useful in many areas of mathematics, such as homological algebra and algebraic geometry, where homotopy theoretic approaches led to interesting results. In brief, a model structure on a category C is a choice of three distinguished classes of morphisms: weak equivalences, ﬁbrations, and coﬁbrations, satisfying certain axioms. We can pass to the homotopy category Ho(C) associated to a model category C by inverting the weak equivalences, i.e. by making them into isomorphisms. While the axioms allow us to deﬁne the homotopy relations between classes of morphisms in C, the classes of ﬁbrations and coﬁbrations provide us with a solution to the set-theoretic issues arising in general localisations of categories. Even though it is sometimes suﬃcient to work in the homotopy category, looking at the homotopy level alone does not provide us with enough higher order structure information. For example, homotopy (co)limits are not usually a homotopy invariant, and in order to deﬁne them we need the tools provided by the model category. This is where the question of rigidity may be asked: if we just had the structure of the homotopy category, how much of the underlying model structure can we recover? This question of rigidity has been investigated during the last decade, and an extremely small list of examples have been studied, which leaves us with a lot of open questions regarding this fascinating subject. Ou goal is to investigate one of the open questions which have not been answered before. In this thesis, we prove rigidity of the K(1)-local stable homotopy
category Ho(LK(1)Sp) at p = 2. In other words, we show that recovering higher order structure information, which is meant to be lost on the homotopy level,is possible by just looking at the triangulated structure of Ho(LK(1)Sp). This new result does not only add one more example to the list of known examples of rigidity in stable homotopy theory, it is also the ﬁrst studied case of rigidity in the world of Morava K-theory.
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