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A Tale of Two Gaps

Smith, Murray (2018) A Tale of Two Gaps. Australasian Philosophical Review, 2 (2). pp. 189-193. ISSN 2474-0500. (doi:10.1080/24740500.2018.1552095) (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:74282)

The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided. (Contact us about this Publication)
Official URL
https://doi.org/10.1080/24740500.2018.1552095

Abstract

In ‘Rethinking Nature,’ Shaun Gallagher makes the case for a non-reductive, naturalized phenomenology. In doing so, he seeks to close the metaphysical gap between world and mind by pursuing a ‘world > mind’ strategy, conforming the natural world to the world of reason and experience. Here I assess the merits of this approach by comparison with the alternative ‘mind > world’ strategy, whereby the the world of reason and experience is conformed to the natural world. This latter approach is exemplified by the method of ‘triangulating’ the mind through the integration of experiential, psychological, and neurophysiological evidence. While sympathetic to Gallagher’s ambition and aspects of his approach, I raise some doubts about the anti- or non-representational model of mind that he believes his revisionist metaphysics of nature supports. Arguably, representational assumptions are built into the concepts of perception, the senses, and the mind itself. Thus, even if the metaphysical gap between mind and world can be closed, the epistemic gap between an agent and its environment must still be bridged by the engine of representation that is the extended and embodied mind.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1080/24740500.2018.1552095
Uncontrolled keywords: Affordance, consciousness, embodied mind, empathy, extended mind, functionalism, idealism, neuroscience, niche construction, representational theory of mind, thick explanation, triangulation
Divisions: Faculties > Humanities > School of Arts
Faculties > Humanities > School of Arts > Film
Depositing User: Murray Smith
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2019 09:04 UTC
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2019 09:04 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/74282 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Smith, Murray: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4629-8143
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