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Less Human, More to Blame: Animalizing Poor People Increases Blame and Decreases Support for Wealth Redistribution

Sainz, Mario, Martínez, Rocío, Sutton, Robbie M., Rodríguez-Bailón, Rosa, Moya, Miguel (2019) Less Human, More to Blame: Animalizing Poor People Increases Blame and Decreases Support for Wealth Redistribution. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, . ISSN 1368-4302. (doi:10.1177/1368430219841135) (KAR id:74234)

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https://doi.org/10.1177/1368430219841135

Abstract

Increasing economic inequality adversely affects groups with low socioeconomic status (low-SES). However, many people are opposed to wealth redistribution policies. In this context, we examined whether dehumanization of low-SES groups has a role in this opposition. In the first study (N = 303), opposition to wealth redistribution was related to denying human uniqueness (e.g., intelligence and rationality) and having negative attitudes toward low-SES groups, more than denying human nature (e.g., emotionality and capacity to suffer) to low-SES groups. Mediation analyses indicated that this effect occurred via blaming low-SES groups for their plight, after controlling for participants’ SES and negative attitudes towards low-SES groups. In the second study (N = 220), manipulating the human uniqueness of a fictitious low-SES group affected support for wealth redistribution measures through blame. These results indicate that animalizing low-SES groups reduces support for wealth redistribution via blaming low-SES groups for their situation.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1177/1368430219841135
Uncontrolled keywords: dehumanization, income inequality, income redistribution, low-SES groups, poverty
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Robbie Sutton
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2019 09:14 UTC
Last Modified: 30 Aug 2019 16:06 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/74234 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Sutton, Robbie M.: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1542-1716
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