Job polarization, structural transformation and biased technological change

Barany, Zsofia L., Siegel, Christian (2019) Job polarization, structural transformation and biased technological change. Travail et Emploi, . E-ISSN 1775-416X. (In press) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Abstract

By reviewing our work in Bárány and Siegel (2018a, 2018b), this article emphasizes the link between job polarization and structural change. We summarize evidence that job polarization in the United States has started as early as the 1950s in the US: middle-wage workers have been losing both in terms of employment and average wage growth compared to low- and high-wage workers. Furthermore, at least since the 1960s the same patterns for both employment and wages are discernible in terms of three broad sectors: low-skilled services, manufacturing and high-skilled services, and these two phenomena are closely linked. Finally, we propose a model where technology evolves at the sector-occupation cell level that can capture the employment reallocation across sectors, occupations, and within sectors. We show that this framework can be used to assess what type of biased technological change is the driver of the observed reallocations. The data suggests that technological change has been biased not only across occupations or sectors, but also across sector-occupation cells.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: biased technological change, structural change, employment polarization
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Economics
Depositing User: Christian Siegel
Date Deposited: 15 May 2019 09:53 UTC
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2019 15:33 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/73915 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Siegel, Christian: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1686-8686
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