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Bioactivity, biocompatibility and antimicrobial properties of a chitosan-mineral composite for periodontal tissue regeneration

Hurt, A P, Kotha, A K, Trivedi, Vivek, Coleman, Nichola (2015) Bioactivity, biocompatibility and antimicrobial properties of a chitosan-mineral composite for periodontal tissue regeneration. Polímeros, 25 (3). pp. 311-316. ISSN 0104-1428. (doi:10.1590/0104-1428.1835)

Abstract

A composite membrane of the polymer, chitosan, and the silver-exchanged mineral phase, tobermorite, was prepared by solvent casting and characterised by scanning electron microscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The in vitro bioactivity, cytocompatibility and antimicrobial activity of the composite were evaluated with respect to its potential application as a guided tissue regeneration (GTR) membrane. The in vitro bioactivity was verified by the formation of hydroxyapatite on the surface of the membrane in simulated body fluid and its cytocompatibility was established using MG63 human osteosarcoma cells. The presence of silver ions conferred significant antimicrobial activity against S. aureus, P. aeruginosa and E. coli. The findings of this investigation have indicated that the chitosan-silver-tobermorite composite is a prospective candidate for GTR applications.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1590/0104-1428.1835
Uncontrolled keywords: chitosan; tobermorite; silver; bioactive; antimicrobial; guided tissue regeneration; periodontal repair
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Divisions: Central Services > Universities at Medway
Faculties > Sciences > Medway School of Pharmacy
Depositing User: Vivek Trivedi
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2019 13:02 UTC
Last Modified: 03 Jun 2019 09:44 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/73634 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Trivedi, Vivek: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9304-9214
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