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Prefrontal Dynamics Associated with Efficient Detours and Shortcuts: A Combined Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Magnetoencenphalography Study

Javadi, Amir-Homayoun, Patai, E. Zita, Marin-Garcia, Eugenia, Margolis, Aaron, Tan, HengRu M., Kumaran, Dharshan, Nardini, Marko, Penny, Will, Duzel, Emrah, Dayan, Peter, and others. (2019) Prefrontal Dynamics Associated with Efficient Detours and Shortcuts: A Combined Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Magnetoencenphalography Study. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, . ISSN 0898-929X. (doi:10.1162/jocn_a_01414)

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https://doi.org/10.1162/jocn_a_01414

Abstract

Central to the concept of the ‘cognitive map’ is that it confers behavioural flexibility, allowing animals to take efficient detours, exploit shortcuts and avoid alluring, but unhelpful, paths. The neural underpinnings of such naturalistic and flexible behaviour remain unclear. In two neuroimaging experiments we tested human subjects on their ability to navigate to a set of goal locations in a virtual desert island riven by lava, which occasionally spread to block selected paths (necessitating detours) or receded to open new paths (affording real shortcuts, or false shortcuts to be avoided). Detours activated a network of frontal regions compared to shortcuts. Activity in right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex specifically increased when participants encountered tempting false shortcuts that led along suboptimal paths that needed to be differentiated from real shortcuts. We also report modulation in event-related fields and theta power in these situations, providing insight to the temporal evolution of response to encountering detours and shortcuts. These results help inform current models as to how the brain supports navigation and planning in dynamic environments.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1162/jocn_a_01414
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Amir-Homayoun Javadi
Date Deposited: 23 Apr 2019 14:29 UTC
Last Modified: 03 Jun 2019 09:43 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/73587 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Javadi, Amir-Homayoun: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0569-6441
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