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Measuring the quality of life of family carers of people with dementia: Development and validation of C-DEMQOL

Brown, Anna, Page, Thomas, E., Daley, Stephanie, Farina, Nicolas, Bassett, Thurstine, Livingston, Gill, Budgett, Jessica, Gallaher, Laura, Feeney, Ivonne, Murray, Joanna, and others. (2019) Measuring the quality of life of family carers of people with dementia: Development and validation of C-DEMQOL. Quality of Life Research, 28 (8). pp. 2299-2310. ISSN 0962-9343. E-ISSN 1573-2649. (doi:10.1007/s11136-019-02186-w) (KAR id:73528)


Purpose. We aimed to address gaps identified in the evidence base and instruments available to measure the quality of life (QOL) of family carers of people with dementia, and develop a new brief, reliable, condition-specific instrument.

Methods. We generated measurable domains and indicators of carer QOL from systematic literature reviews and qualitative interviews with 32 family carers and 9 support staff, and two focus groups with 6 carers and 5 staff. Statements with five tailored response options, presenting variation on the QOL continuum, were piloted (n = 25), pre-tested (n = 122) and field-tested (n = 300) in individual interviews with family carers from North London and Sussex. The best 30 questions formed the C-DEMQOL questionnaire, which was evaluated for usability, face and construct validity, reliability, and convergent/discriminant validity using a range of validation measures.

Results. C-DEMQOL was received positively by the carers. Factor analysis confirmed that C-DEMQOL sum scores are reliable in measuring overall QOL (omega = 0.97) and its five subdomains: ‘meeting personal needs’ (omega = 0.95); ‘carer wellbeing’ (omega = 0.91); ‘carer-patient relationship’ (omega = 0.82); ‘confidence in the future’ (omega = 0.90), and ‘feeling supported’ (omega = 0.85). The overall QOL and domain scores show the expected pattern of convergent and discriminant relationships with established measures of carer mental health, activities, and dementia severity and symptoms.

Conclusions. The robust psychometric properties support the use of C-DEMQOL in evaluation of overall and domain-specific carer QOL; replications in independent samples and studies of responsiveness would be of value.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1007/s11136-019-02186-w
Uncontrolled keywords: quality of life; family carer; dementia; Alzheimer’s disease; caregiver; bifactor model; factor analysis
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Anna Brown
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2019 16:08 UTC
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2022 22:09 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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Brown, Anna.

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Page, Thomas, E..

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