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Investigating the Biochemical and Organellar Adaptations of Proteromonas lacertae

Warren, Christopher (2018) Investigating the Biochemical and Organellar Adaptations of Proteromonas lacertae. Master of Science by Research (MScRes) thesis, University of Kent,. (KAR id:73235)

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Proteromonas lacertae is an anaerobic, biflagellated microbial eukaryote belonging to Stramenopiles, one of the largest and most diverse groups of eukaryotes, characterised by the presence of tripartite, hair-like structures on the larger of the two flagella. At least one microbial Stramenopile is known to not possess these characteristic features (e.g. Blastocystis) which does not resemble other organisms from this group in any way. In-spite them being morphologically very different, Proteromonas happens to be the closest-known relative of Blastocystis, both being within the opalines. They are also some of the only Stramenopiles known to colonise larger organisms, Proteromonas is found in the hindgut of lizards and Blastocystis is known to colonise the intestinal tract of a range of animals, yet whether either of them actually cause disease has yet to be confirmed. Not only is their morphology strikingly different, their mitochondria also bear no resemblance to one another. Blastocystis possesses multiple anaerobic mitochondria-related organelles (MROs), whereas Proteromonas has a single, large lobed mitochondrion closely associated with the nucleus. A striking biochemical observation making Blastocystis unique amongst Stramenopiles is the presence of an alternative oxidase, and the absence of complexes III, IV and V of the electron transport chain (ETC). As well as this, it has been predicted to harbour proteins that could establish a reduced/incomplete tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle in its MROs. The main focus of this investigation is to explore the mitochondrial protein composition of Proteromonas and compare it to Blastocystis. In addition, we will attempt to characterise some of the biochemical pathways, including the ETC, proteins involved in the TCA cycle and AOX. Preliminary results on these investigations will be presented. This data shows that, biochemically, Proteromonas and Blastocystis are very similar, suggesting that these mitochondrial adaptations occurred prior to the diversification of these two organisms.

Item Type: Thesis (Master of Science by Research (MScRes))
Thesis advisor: Tsaousis, Anastasios
Uncontrolled keywords: Proteromonas lacertae, Blastocystis, Stramenopiles, mitochondria/MROs, bioinformatic analysis, biochemical characterisation, metabolic pathways
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > School of Biosciences
SWORD Depositor: System Moodle
Depositing User: System Moodle
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2019 11:10 UTC
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2021 23:00 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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