Optical Coherence Tomography Investigations and Modeling of the Sintering of Ceramic Crowns

Duma, V.F., Sinescu, C., Bradu, Adrian, Podoleanu, Adrian G.H. (2019) Optical Coherence Tomography Investigations and Modeling of the Sintering of Ceramic Crowns. Materials, 12 (6). p. 947. E-ISSN 1996-1944. (doi:10.3390/ma12060947)

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Abstract

Dental prostheses are sintered in ovens that sometimes suffer from a loss of calibration. This can lead to variations of the sintering temperature outside the range recommended by the manufacturer. Stress and even fractures in dental ceramics may occur, and this leads to the necessity to rebuild the dental construct. The aim of this work is to monitor the quality of sintering processes using an established biomedical imaging technique—optical coherence tomography (OCT). Conventional current procedures imply the fabrication of supplemental samples that add to the expenses and are only evaluated visually. To our knowledge, we were the first to propose the use of OCT, a non-destructive method that brings objectivity for such assessments, focusing, in a previous study, on metal ceramic dental prostheses. Here, a different material, pressed ceramics, is considered, while we propose a quantitative assessment of the results—using reflectivity profiles of en-face (i.e., constant-depth) OCT images of sintered samples. The results for both the pressed ceramics and metal ceramics prostheses are discussed by obtaining the analytic functions of their reflectivity profiles. A multi-parametric analysis demonstrates the best parameter to characterize the loss of calibration of dental ovens. Rules-of-thumb are extracted; producing dental prostheses with defects can thus be avoided

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.3390/ma12060947
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics > QC355 Optics
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > School of Physical Sciences > Applied Optics Group
Depositing User: Adrian Bradu
Date Deposited: 21 Mar 2019 10:57 UTC
Last Modified: 03 Jun 2019 09:35 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/73111 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Bradu, Adrian: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6890-1599
Podoleanu, Adrian G.H.: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4899-9656
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