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Do family policies and labour market institutions hinder women from reaching the top? A multilevel analysis of the institutional drivers of the gender gap in top positions

Kleinert, Eva (2018) Do family policies and labour market institutions hinder women from reaching the top? A multilevel analysis of the institutional drivers of the gender gap in top positions. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) thesis, University of Kent,. (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Abstract

This thesis investigates to what extent highly educated women's underrepresentation in managerial and senior professional positions in European economies varies. Secondly, it examines how family policies impact on this gender gap in top positions. In a last step, this thesis investigates what else - if not family policies - can explain why women are not only underrepresented in top positions, but why this gap is wider in some countries than in others. Following a multilevel approach, context-level data stems from various sources such as the OECD, Multilinks and Eurostat and is from around the year 2010. Individual-level data such as occupational positions stems from the European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) 2010. Depending on data availability, models include between 22 and 31 European countries.

Secondly, the thesis partly supports the hypothesis following the welfare state paradox theory that family policies widen the gender gap in so far as the same family policies that help women enter the labour market, hinder women from reaching top positions. For example, generous childcare seems to actually widen the gender gap in top positions. Informal childcare and financial support however reduce the gap.

Thirdly, following the question as to what else could explain the gender gap, this thesis finds limited evidence for the impact of labour market institutions such as unions on the gender gap in top positions. The models however do suggest that in countries with strong Employment Protection Legislation (EPL) the gender gap for the highly educated is smaller.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctor of Philosophy (PhD))
Thesis advisor: Chung, Heejung
Thesis advisor: Vickerstaff, Sarah
Uncontrolled keywords: Gender inequalities, labour market, mangerial positions, glass ceiling, family policies, comparative research, multilevel analysis, European Working Conditions Survey, social policy, women, top positions, skills, trade unions, varieties of capitalism, labour market institutions
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research
SWORD Depositor: System Moodle
Depositing User: System Moodle
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2019 16:10 UTC
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2020 04:10 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/73082 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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