Relationships between implicit and explicit uncertainty monitoring and mindreading: Evidence from autism spectrum disorder

Nicholson, Toby, Williams, David M., Grainger, Catherine, Lind, Sophie E., Carruthers, Peter (2019) Relationships between implicit and explicit uncertainty monitoring and mindreading: Evidence from autism spectrum disorder. Consciousness and Cognition, 70 . pp. 11-24. ISSN 1053-8100. (doi:10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.013)

Abstract

We examined performance on implicit (non-verbal) and explicit (verbal) uncertainty-monitoring tasks among neurotypical participants and participants with autism, while also testing mindreading abilities in both groups. We found that: (i) performance of autistic participants was unimpaired on the implicit uncertainty-monitoring task, while being significantly impaired on the explicit task; (ii) performance on the explicit task was correlated with performance on mindreading tasks in both groups, whereas performance on the implicit uncertainty-monitoring task was not; and (iii) performance on implicit and explicit uncertainty-monitoring tasks was not correlated. The results support the view that (a) explicit uncertainty-monitoring draws on the same cognitive faculty as mindreading whereas (b) implicit uncertainty-monitoring only test first-order decision making. These findings support the theory that metacognition and mindreading are underpinned by the same meta-representational faculty/resources, and that the implicit uncertainty-monitoring tasks that are frequently used with non-human animals fail to demonstrate the presence of metacognitive abilities.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.013
Uncontrolled keywords: Autism spectrum disorder, Metacognition, Mindreading, Uncertainty judgment, Uncertainty monitoring
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: David Williams
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2019 09:26 UTC
Last Modified: 03 Jun 2019 09:26 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/72593 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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