Studies on the mechanism of hypoxic selectivity in copper bis(thiosemicarbazone) radiopharmaceuticals

Maurer, Richard I. and Blower, Philip J. and Dilworth, Jonathan R. and Reynolds, Christopher A. and Zheng, Yifan and Mullen, Gregory E. D. (2002) Studies on the mechanism of hypoxic selectivity in copper bis(thiosemicarbazone) radiopharmaceuticals. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 45 (7). pp. 1420-1431. ISSN 0022-2623 . (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Copper diacetyl-bis(N-4-methylthiosemicarbazone), Cu(II)ATSM, is a promising agent for imaging hypoxic tissue. Here we present results that provide insight into the chemical and electronic properties underlying previously observed structure -activity relationships. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations on the electronic structures and molecular orbitals of a series of 13 Cu(II)bis(thiosemicarbazone) analogues with different alkylation patterns and with fixed geometries based on the known structure of Cu(II)PTSM showed that the LUMO and the next lowest orbital were very close in energy, and their energy order was strikingly dependent on the ligand alkylation pattern in a way that correlated with hypoxia-selectivity and redox potentials. The LUMOs of Cu(II)ATSM and other hypoxia-selective analogues were predominantly metal-based (leading to a singlet reduced species) while the LUMs of Cu(II)PTSM and other nonselective analogues were predominantly ligand-based (leading to a triplet reduced species). Upon relaxation of the geometric constraint and full optimization in both Cu(II)ATSM and Cu(II)GTS, the metal-based orbital became the LUMO, and the singlet was the thermodynamically preferred form of the reduced species. Chemical and electrochemical investigation showed that all Cu(II) complexes were reducible, but Cu(I)PTSM and other nonselective analogues dissociated immediately upon reduction with release of ligand (detected by UV-vis) while Cu(I)ATSM and other hypoxia-selective analogues did not. Instead they were rapidly re-oxidized to the Cu(II) complex by molecular oxygen. The reversible electrochemical reduction of nonselective complexes Cu(II)PTSM and Cu(II)GTS became irreversible in the presence of weak acid, whereas that of Cu(II)ATSM was unaffected. In light of these results we present a model to explain the structure -activity relationships on the basis of electronic structure and molecular vibrations.

Item Type: Article
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Subjects: Q Science
Divisions: Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Biosciences
Depositing User: Sue Davies
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2008 16:39
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2014 15:30
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