Skip to main content

Pilgrimage and Visual Genre: The Architecture of Twentieth-Century Roman Catholic Pilgrimage in Scotland

Proctor, Robert, Gillick, Ambrose (2019) Pilgrimage and Visual Genre: The Architecture of Twentieth-Century Roman Catholic Pilgrimage in Scotland. Material Religion: The Journal of Objects, Art, and Belief, 15 (4). pp. 456-487. ISSN 1743-2200. (doi:10.1080/17432200.2019.1632106) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

PDF - Author's Accepted Manuscript
Restricted to Repository staff only until 16 January 2021.
Contact us about this Publication
Official URL


As Roman Catholics gained confidence in twentieth-century Scotland, they revived pre-Reformation shrines and pilgrimages and created new shrines with transnational connections to the modern Catholic world. Three sites in this campaign were Carfin, a new pilgrimage center based on Lourdes; Whithorn, site of medieval pilgrimages to Saint Ninian; and Dunfermline, associated with the canonized Queen Margaret of Scotland. Each had different meanings for Scottish Catholicism. The landscapes of these shrines included proposed new buildings, completed buildings, including shrines and churches, and existing features, notably caves or grottoes and medieval ruins. Whether found, professionally designed, or made by the clergy and their congregations, these sites framed and ordered pilgrimage rituals and lent them meaning. Seeing common architectural, visual features across these pilgrimages, and drawing on new archival research, we suggest that the employment of recognizable visual genres was a key way of creating a consensus amongst the faithful. International symbols of saintly presence were remade for the local context, with intertwined religious and political intentions, giving tangible expression to a revived Catholicism in Scotland, and promoting a new vision of Scotland as a Catholic nation.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1080/17432200.2019.1632106
Divisions: Faculties > Humanities > Architecture
Depositing User: A. Gillick
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2019 11:32 UTC
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2020 14:39 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Gillick, Ambrose:
  • Depositors only (login required):


Downloads per month over past year