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Highly Efficient and Data Compressed Ultrafast Single-Pixel Imaging based on Photonic Time-Stretch

Wang, Guoqing (2018) Highly Efficient and Data Compressed Ultrafast Single-Pixel Imaging based on Photonic Time-Stretch. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) thesis, University of Kent,. (KAR id:71672)

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Abstract

The research presented in this thesis is focused on highly efficient and data compressed ultrafast single pixel imaging (SPI) systems based on photonic time stretch (PTS) technique. Three ultrafast SPI systems are presented and analysed with unique features of low-cost, compact, highly efficient and optical data compression.

The first ultrafast SPI system is a highly efficient, fibre-compatible ultrafast imaging system based on PTS using a 45° tilted fibre grating (45° TFG). The 45° TFG serves as an in-fibre lateral diffraction element, replacing bulky and lossy free- space diffraction gratings in conventional PTS imaging systems. This new design significantly reduces the volume of conventional PTS imaging systems, improves energy efficiency and system stability. A proof-of-principle demonstration of our proposed PTS imaging system is performed for the first time with improved spatial resolution and ultrafast detecting speed of 46 m/s.

Secondly, data compressed ultrafast photonic time stretch imaging is investigated with the help of a spatial mask for spatial domain compressed sensing. In practice, a spatial light modulator (SLM) is utilized as a passive optical random pattern modulator, namely, spatial mask, in spatial domain. This combines the benefit of compressed sensing (CS) and PTS techniques. And a high speed CS imaging system is obtained with a compression ratio of 55.6%. Besides, time-domain CS applied in ultrafast real-time optical coherent tomography (OCT) is experimentally demonstrated as well.

Finally, an all-optical CS imaging system based on PTS and multimode interference using a multimode fibre (MMF) is demonstrated. The MMF acts as a low-cost random optical speckle pattern generator based on ultrafast wavelength tuning in PTS. Each wavelength of the optical light generates a repeatable and stable random optical speckle pattern, which has the feature of low- correlated relation between different optical speckle patterns. This technique can overcome the speed limit in existing CS photonic time stretch imaging, where imaging speed is much lower than the pulse repetition rate.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctor of Philosophy (PhD))
Thesis advisor: Wang, Chao
Thesis advisor: Gomes, Nathan
Uncontrolled keywords: Single pixel imaging, compressed sensing, photonics time-stretch, fibre grating.
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Computing, Engineering and Mathematical Sciences > School of Engineering and Digital Arts
Funders: [UNSPECIFIED] Marie-curie integrating grant
SWORD Depositor: System Moodle
Depositing User: System Moodle
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2019 15:16 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 14:01 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/71672 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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