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Re-evaluating the Quoit Brooch Style: Economic and Cultural Transformations in the Fifth Century AD: with an updated catalogue of known QBS artefacts

Swift, Ellen Victoria (2019) Re-evaluating the Quoit Brooch Style: Economic and Cultural Transformations in the Fifth Century AD: with an updated catalogue of known QBS artefacts. Medieval Archaeology, 63 (1). pp. 1-55. ISSN 0076-6097. E-ISSN 1745-817X. (doi:10.1080/00766097.2019.1588533) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Official URL
https://doi.org/10.1080/00766097.2019.1588533

Abstract

Quoit Brooch Style material, produced from the early 5th century onwards, has previously been considered mostly from a stylistic point of view, leaving much scope for further investigation. In addition, the known corpus of material has been much expanded through newly excavated and metal-detected finds. In this article, I bring together the known extant material for the first time, and document important evidence relating to contextual dating, gender associations, manufacture (including new compositional analysis of c 75 objects), repair, and reuse. The article questions previous interpretations of Quoit Brooch Style material relating to Germanic mercenaries and/or post-Romano-British political entities. It interprets the earliest material as part of wider trends elsewhere, in Britain and in Continental northwestern Europe, for the production of material imitating late Roman symbols of power. It presents new evidence for connectivity with Continental Europe via the western Channel route in the 5th century. A detailed investigation of individual artefacts shows that many Quoit Brooch Style objects were reused, sometimes being subjected to extensive repair and modification. This provides new insights into the 5th century metal economy, for instance, acute problems in the availability of new metal objects in southeastern Britain in the middle years of the 5th century. Compositional analysis contributes further to our understanding of metal supply in the 5th century and relationships with the post-Roman West. Insights are provided into wider cultural transformations in the 5th century and the gradual loss of value that occurred for Roman-style objects.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1080/00766097.2019.1588533
Uncontrolled keywords: early medieval, post-Roman, fifth century, artefacts, reuse, recycling, object biography. Classical and Archaeological Studies
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CC Archaeology
D History General and Old World > DA Great Britain
Divisions: Faculties > Humanities > School of European Culture and Languages > Classical and Archaeological Studies
Depositing User: Ellen Swift
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2019 17:16 UTC
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2020 11:56 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/71645 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Swift, Ellen Victoria: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3545-0821
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