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Perspective taking and automatic intergroup evaluation change: Testing an associative self-anchoring account

Todd, A. R., Burgmer, Pascal (2013) Perspective taking and automatic intergroup evaluation change: Testing an associative self-anchoring account. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104 (5). pp. 786-802. ISSN 0022-3514. (doi:10.1037/a0031999) (KAR id:71359)

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The current research adopted a multipronged mediational approach to test an associative self-anchoring account of automatic intergroup evaluation change following perspective taking. We contend that actively contemplating outgroup members’ perspectives strengthens associative links between that outgroup and the self, enabling a transfer of positive automatic self-evaluations to the group. A first set of experiments, using both measurement-of-mediation and experimental-causal-chain designs, supported a model in which strengthened self–outgroup associations underlie perspective taking’s positive effects on automatic intergroup evaluations. Additional experiments, using a moderation-of-process design, found that the benefits of perspective taking were attenuated when measured or manipulated automatic self-evaluations were relatively negative, preventing positive associative transfer. A final experiment uncovered a practical downstream implication of our causal model, as perspective-taking-induced changes in automatic intergroup evaluations were still evident 1 day later. Overall, these findings supported our associative self-anchoring account; additional analyses found no support for an alternative, empathy-based account.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1037/a0031999
Uncontrolled keywords: automaticity, intergroup attitudes, perspective taking, prejudice, self-anchoring
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Pascal Burgmer
Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2018 09:56 UTC
Last Modified: 30 May 2019 08:39 UTC
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