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The Psychology of Supranationalism: Its Ideological Correlates and Implications for EU Attitudes and post-Brexit Preferences

Peitz, Linus, Dhont, Kristof, Seyd, Ben (2018) The Psychology of Supranationalism: Its Ideological Correlates and Implications for EU Attitudes and post-Brexit Preferences. Political Psychology, 39 (6). pp. 1305-1322. ISSN 0162-895X. E-ISSN 1467-9221. (doi:10.1111/pops.12542) (KAR id:69906)

Abstract

Existing research highlights the roles of group identities and concerns about mass migration in explaining attitudes towards the European Union (EU). However, studies have been largely silent on whether EU attitudes are also shaped by people’s attitudes towards the principles and practices of supranational governance. This research provides a first test of the nature and role of supranational attitudes. We introduce a new measure of supranationalism and, in two studies using samples drawn from the British population, test the psychometric properties of the supranationalism scale. We then identify the socio-ideological correlates (right-wing authoritarianism and social dominance orientation) of supranationalism, along with its effects in predicting EU attitudes and post-Brexit preferences. Our core finding is that supranationalism predicts attitudes towards the EU over and above established factors such as national identity and immigrant threat. Our study thus shows the existence of supranational attitudes among individuals, and the relevance of such attitudes to people’s opinions about international organisations like the EU.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1111/pops.12542
Uncontrolled keywords: supranationalism; Brexit; Euroscepticism; authoritarianism; social dominance; European integration
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Centre for the Study of Group Processes
Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Politics and International Relations
Depositing User: Kristof Dhont
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2018 17:05 UTC
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2020 04:18 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/69906 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Dhont, Kristof: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6060-8083
Seyd, Ben: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5485-316X
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