Skip to main content
Kent Academic Repository

Emotional processes and gang membership: A narrative review

Mallion, Jaimee S., Wood, Jane L. (2018) Emotional processes and gang membership: A narrative review. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 43 . pp. 56-63. ISSN 1359-1789. (doi:10.1016/j.avb.2018.10.001) (KAR id:69779)

PDF Author's Accepted Manuscript
Language: English
Download this file
[thumbnail of Mallion & Wood 2018 review paper.pdf]
Request a format suitable for use with assistive technology e.g. a screenreader
PDF Publisher pdf
Language: English

Restricted to Repository staff only
Contact us about this Publication
[thumbnail of Jaimee paper narrative review gm and emotional processes.pdf]
Official URL:


With implementation of governmental strategies aimed at reducing gang involvement, academic interest in gang membership has rapidly increased. However, there is a dearth of knowledge relating to emotional processes of gang members (Wood & Alleyne, 2010). This review synthesizes existing literature surrounding possible risk factors for gang membership including, empathy, Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD), Psychopathy, Callous-Unemotional (CU) traits, Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD), and Emotional Intelligence (EI). Due to the limited evidence-base, additional literature surrounding violent offending and group relations are used to provide a comprehensive account of emotional processes of gang members. It is concluded that high levels of ASPD traits and low levels of empathy and EI are potential risk factors for gang membership. However, contradictory research findings, prevent conclusions regarding the influence of psychopathy, ODD and CU-traits on gang membership. Overall, this review provides support for utilizing emotion-focused strategies in gang intervention programs and recommends that future research focuses on assessing the developmental trajectory of emotional processes throughout the cycle of gang membership (joining, maintaining and exiting).

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.avb.2018.10.001
Uncontrolled keywords: Gang, Emotions, Emotional intelligence, Empathy, Psychopathy, Callous-unemotional, Oppositional defiant disorder
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare > HV9069 Juvenile delinquency
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Jane Wood
Date Deposited: 25 Oct 2018 14:22 UTC
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2023 12:46 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

University of Kent Author Information

Mallion, Jaimee S..

Creator's ORCID:
CReDIT Contributor Roles:

Wood, Jane L..

Creator's ORCID:
CReDIT Contributor Roles:
  • Depositors only (login required):

Total unique views for this document in KAR since July 2020. For more details click on the image.