Emotional processes and gang membership: A narrative review

Mallion, Jaimee and Wood, Jane L. (2018) Emotional processes and gang membership: A narrative review. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 43 . pp. 56-63. ISSN 1359-1789. (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2018.10.001) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2018.10.001

Abstract

With implementation of governmental strategies aimed at reducing gang involvement, academic interest in gang membership has rapidly increased. However, there is a dearth of knowledge relating to emotional processes of gang members (Wood & Alleyne, 2010). This review synthesizes existing literature surrounding possible risk factors for gang membership including, empathy, Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD), Psychopathy, Callous-Unemotional (CU) traits, Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD), and Emotional Intelligence (EI). Due to the limited evidence-base, additional literature surrounding violent offending and group relations are used to provide a comprehensive account of emotional processes of gang members. It is concluded that high levels of ASPD traits and low levels of empathy and EI are potential risk factors for gang membership. However, contradictory research findings, prevent conclusions regarding the influence of psychopathy, ODD and CU-traits on gang membership. Overall, this review provides support for utilizing emotion-focused strategies in gang intervention programs and recommends that future research focuses on assessing the developmental trajectory of emotional processes throughout the cycle of gang membership (joining, maintaining and exiting).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: Gang, Emotions, Emotional intelligence, Empathy, Psychopathy, Callous-unemotional, Oppositional defiant disorder
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare > HV9069 Delinquency studies
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Centre of Research & Education in Forensic Psychology
Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Jane Wood
Date Deposited: 25 Oct 2018 14:22 UTC
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2018 15:03 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/69779 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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