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The Castalia mission to Main Belt Comet 133P/Elst-Pizarro

Snodgrass, C., Jones, G.H., Boehnhardt, H., Gibbings, A., Homeister, M., Andre, N., Beck, P., Bentley, M.S., Bertini, I., Bowles, N., and others. (2018) The Castalia mission to Main Belt Comet 133P/Elst-Pizarro. Advances in Space Research, 62 (8). pp. 1947-1976. ISSN 0273-1177. (doi:10.1016/j.asr.2017.09.011) (KAR id:69328)

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https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2017.09.011

Abstract

We describe Castalia, a proposed mission to rendezvous with a Main Belt Comet (MBC), 133P/Elst-Pizarro. MBCs are a recently discovered population of apparently icy bodies within the main asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter, which may represent the remnants of the population which supplied the early Earth with water. Castalia will perform the first exploration of this population by characterising 133P in detail, solving the puzzle of the MBC’s activity, and making the first in situ measurements of water in the asteroid belt. In many ways a successor to ESA’s highly successful Rosetta mission, Castalia will allow direct comparison between very different classes of comet, including measuring critical isotope ratios, plasma and dust properties. It will also feature the first radar system to visit a minor body, mapping the ice in the interior. Castalia was proposed, in slightly different versions, to the ESA M4 and M5 calls within the Cosmic Vision programme. We describe the science motivation for the mission, the measurements required to achieve the scientific goals, and the proposed instrument payload and spacecraft to achieve these.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.asr.2017.09.011
Uncontrolled keywords: Comets; Asteroids; Main Belt Comets; Spacecraft missions
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
Depositing User: Stephen Lowry
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2018 12:25 UTC
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2021 14:00 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/69328 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Lowry, S.C.: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5605-4329
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