Drinking under Communism: Why do Alcohol Consumption Habits in Eastern Europe Differ from the West in the Long-Run?

Malisauskaite, Gintare and Klein, Alexander (2018) Drinking under Communism: Why do Alcohol Consumption Habits in Eastern Europe Differ from the West in the Long-Run? Journal of Comparative Economics, 46 (3). pp. 821-837. ISSN 0147-5967. (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jce.2018.07.010) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jce.2018.07.010

Abstract

This paper looks into possible explanations for differences between Eastern and Western Europe alcohol consumption behaviour even twenty years after the collapse of the Soviet regime. It suggests these differences can be viewed as an expression of cultural habits. We explore different ways of defining exposure to the communist regime: using number of years a person spent under the regime and also a dummy indicator for spending formative years (18-25) in it. We find both to be strong factors in explaining alcohol consumption behaviour. We consider differences in frequency of alcohol consumption and binge drinking using European Health Interview Survey (EHIS) micro data from Eurostat. Estimations are run with ordered probit model for men and women separately. Evidence suggests a statistically significant effect of experiencing communist regimes, which is larger for women’s alcohol consumption frequency than for men’s. It is also the most important factor in explaining more frequent male binge drinking. These effects hold after controlling for socio-economic, country level and time characteristics. This suggests the attitudes towards alcohol consumption could be more permissive in the Eastern Bloc countries.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: alcohol consumption, cultural habits, communism, Eastern bloc, Western Europe,
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HX Socialism. Communism. Anarchism
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Economics
Depositing User: Alex Klein
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2018 17:26 UTC
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2018 09:38 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/69085 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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