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Dominance, mode, and individual variation in bilingual speech production and perception

Piccinini, Page, Arvaniti, Amalia (2019) Dominance, mode, and individual variation in bilingual speech production and perception. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism, 9 (4-5). pp. 628-658. ISSN 1879-9264. E-ISSN 1879-9272. (doi:10.1075/lab.17027.pic) (KAR id:68986)

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Abstract

Early Spanish-English bilinguals and English controls were tested on the production and perception of negative, short-lag, and long-lag Voice Onset Time (VOT). These VOT types span Spanish and English phonetic categories. Phonologically, negative and short-lag VOT stops are distinct phonemes in Spanish, while both are realizations of voiced stops in English. Dominance was critical: more English-dominant bilinguals produced more short-lag VOT stops in response to negative VOT stimuli, and were less accurate than more balanced bilinguals at discriminating negative from short-lag VOT. Bilinguals performed similarly to monolinguals overall, but they produced more negative VOT tokens and shorter short-lag VOT in response to negative VOT. Their productions were also less well correlated with perception and showed more variation between individuals. These results highlight the variable nature of bilingual production and perception, and demonstrate the need to consider language dominance, individual variation, as well as modalities and tasks when studying bilinguals.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1075/lab.17027.pic
Subjects: P Language and Literature
P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Divisions: Faculties > Humanities > School of European Culture and Languages > English Language and Linguistics
Depositing User: Amalia Arvaniti
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2018 12:46 UTC
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2020 15:56 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/68986 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Arvaniti, Amalia: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1689-1931
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