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The impact of local networks on subsistence resilience and biodiversity in a low-lying Moluccan reef system between 1600 and the present

Ellen, Roy (2018) The impact of local networks on subsistence resilience and biodiversity in a low-lying Moluccan reef system between 1600 and the present. Ambio, . pp. 1-13. ISSN 0044-7447. (doi:10.1007/s13280-018-1091-2)

Abstract

Using field data for the 1980s and historical material, I show how the central places of networks crucial for regional and long-distance trade in the Moluccas between 1600 and the present were often environmentally vulnerable volcanic islands and low-lying reefs. After reviewing existing data on hazards, and evaluating the evidence for erosion and degradation, I suggest how resilience has been historically achieved through social and material exchanges between islands, accommodating the consequences of specific perturbations. Re-interpretation of published data shows how inter-island trade has re-organised patterns of biological interaction spatially and over the long-term, helping us assesses whether in the face of climate change effects such areas are zones of robustness or of potential fragility.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1007/s13280-018-1091-2
Uncontrolled keywords: biodiversity change, central places, environmental risk, Moluccas, reefs, trading networks
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > Environmental Anthropology and Ethnobiology
Depositing User: Roy Ellen
Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2018 06:43 UTC
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2019 08:45 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/68944 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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