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What drives rural out-migration? Insights from Kosovo

Sauer, Johannes, Gorton, Matthew, Davidova, Sophia M. (2019) What drives rural out-migration? Insights from Kosovo. Post-Communist Economies, 31 (2). pp. 200-217. ISSN 1463-1377. (doi:10.1080/14631377.2018.1506623) (KAR id:68919)

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https://doi.org/10.1080/14631377.2018.1506623

Abstract

Drawing on household, network and relative deprivation models of migration, this paper empirically tests the probability to migrate utilising data for agricultural households in Kosovo (circa 13,500 observations). We identify the determinants of the propensity to migrate and length of migration in the previous year, considering gender related differences. The results reveal the significance of household / personal characteristics, farm characteristics, and network effects on the propensity to migrate and length of migration in the previous year. However, we find no significant effect of relative deprivation on the propensity to migrate and length of migration. While education has a strong, positive effect on migration by women, this is not the case for men. Unprofitability and a lack of inputs, manpower and equipment, causing farmland to be left uncultivated, also stimulate out-migration.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1080/14631377.2018.1506623
Uncontrolled keywords: Migration, human capital, networks, post-conflict, gender, Kosovo
Subjects: H Social Sciences
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Economics
Depositing User: Sophia Davidova
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2018 12:42 UTC
Last Modified: 30 May 2020 23:00 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/68919 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Davidova, Sophia M.: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8653-8191
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