Is Your Virtual Self as Sensational as Your Real? Virtual Reality: The Effect of Body Consciousness on the Experience of Exercise Sensations

Matsangidou, Maria and Ang, Chee Siang and Mauger, Alexis R. and Intarasirisawat, Jittrapol and Otkhmezuri, Boris and Avraamides, Marios (2018) Is Your Virtual Self as Sensational as Your Real? Virtual Reality: The Effect of Body Consciousness on the Experience of Exercise Sensations. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, . ISSN 1469-0292. (In press) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Abstract

Objectives: Past research has shown that Virtual Reality (VR) is an effective method for reducing the perception of pain and effort associated with exercise. As pain and effort are subjective feelings, they are influenced by a variety of psychological factors, including one’s awareness of internal body sensations, known as Private Body Consciousness (PBC). The goal of the present study was to investigate whether the effectiveness of VR in reducing the feeling of exercise pain and effort is moderated by PBC. Design and Methods: Eighty participants were recruited to this study and were randomly assigned to a VR or a non-VR control group. All participants were required to maintain a 20% 1RM isometric bicep curl, whilst reporting ratings of pain intensity and perception of effort. Participants in the VR group completed the isometric bicep curl task whilst wearing a VR device which simulated an exercising environment. Participants in the non-VR group completed a conventional isometric bicep curl exercise without VR. Participants’ heart rate was continuously monitored along with time to exhaustion. A questionnaire was used to assess PBC. Results: Participants in the VR group reported significantly lower pain and effort and exhibited longer time to exhaustion compared to the non-VR group. Notably, PBC had no effect on these measures and did not interact with the VR manipulation. Conclusions: Results verified that VR during exercise could reduce negative sensations associated with exercise regardless of the levels of PBC.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: Virtual Reality, Pain Intensity, Perceived Exhaustion, Heart Rate, Physical Activity, Private Body Consciousness
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics (inc Computing science) > QA 76 Software, computer programming, > QA76.76 Computer software
Q Science > QA Mathematics (inc Computing science) > QA 76 Software, computer programming, > QA76.9.H85 Human computer interaction
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > School of Engineering and Digital Arts
Faculties > Sciences > School of Engineering and Digital Arts > Digital Media
Depositing User: Jim Ang
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2018 14:20 UTC
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2018 11:40 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/67624 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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