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Better peacekeepers, better protection? Troop quality of United Nations peace operations and violence against civilians

Haass, Felix, Ansorg, Nadine (2018) Better peacekeepers, better protection? Troop quality of United Nations peace operations and violence against civilians. Journal of Peace Research, 55 (6). pp. 742-758. ISSN 0022-3433. (doi:10.1177/0022343318785419) (KAR id:67592)

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Why do similarly sized peacekeeping missions vary in their effectiveness to protect civilians in conflicts? We argue that peace operations with a large share of troops from countries with high-quality militaries are better able to deter violence from state and non-state actors, create buffer zones within conflict areas, can better reach remote locations, and have superior capabilities—including diplomatic pressure by troop contributing countries—to monitor the implementation of peace agreements. These operational advantages enable them to better protect civilians. Combining data from military expenditures of troop contributing countries together with monthly data on the composition of peace operations, we create a proxy indicator for the average troop quality of UN PKOs. Statistical evidence from an extended sample of conflicts in Africa and Asia between 1991 and 2010 supports our argument.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1177/0022343318785419
Projects: [UNSPECIFIED] Security Sector Reform and the Stability of Post-War Peace
Uncontrolled keywords: Peacekeeping, troop quality, protection of civilians, troop contributions
Subjects: J Political Science > JZ International relations
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Politics and International Relations
Depositing User: Nadine Ansorg
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2018 13:25 UTC
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2021 10:50 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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