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Does past unemployment experience explain the transition happiness gap?

Norton, Edward C., Nizalova, Olena, Murtazashvili, Irina (2018) Does past unemployment experience explain the transition happiness gap? Journal of Comparative Economics, 46 (4). pp. 1104-1121. ISSN 0147-5967. (doi:10.1016/j.jce.2018.04.004) (KAR id:67354)

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https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jce.2018.04.004

Abstract

The profound economic and political changes of the 1990s had detrimental social effects in many domains of life in post-socialist countries, including diminishing life expectancy and growing unhappiness. Despite economic improvements in the second decade of transition, research has documented that happiness lagged behind. We test whether past unemployment experience can explain this “transition happiness gap in the context of Ukraine”, a country with a painful delayed transition from planned to market economy. We analyze unique longitudinal data for the period 2003–2012. Current unemployment substantially reduces subjective wellbeing, and the effect is roughly 50% larger for men than for women. The effect of past unemployment is significant, but small in magnitude compared to the effect of current unemployment. However, it does correspond to around 8% of the ‘’transition happiness gap” found by Guriev and Melnikov (2017), suggesting that past unemployment experience can be considered as a partial explanation.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.jce.2018.04.004
Uncontrolled keywords: Transition happiness gap; Unemployment; Life satiscation; Social comparison; Scarring; Adaptation
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research > Personal Social Services Research Unit
Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research > Centre for Health Services Studies
Depositing User: Olena Nizalova
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2018 10:23 UTC
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2020 23:00 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/67354 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Nizalova, Olena: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1704-2632
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