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Planetary Nebulae in the UWISH2 survey

Gledhill, T M, Froebrich, D, Campbell-White, J, Jones, A M (2018) Planetary Nebulae in the UWISH2 survey. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 479 (3). pp. 3759-3777. ISSN 0035-8711. E-ISSN 1365-2966. (doi:10.1093/mnras/sty1580) (KAR id:67349)

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Near-infrared imaging in the 1 ? 0 S(1) emission line of molecular hydrogen is able to detect planetary nebulae (PNe) that are hidden from optical emission line surveys. We present images of 307 objects from the UWISH2 survey of the northern Galactic Plane, and with the aid of mid-infrared colour diagnostics draw up a list of 291 PN candidates. The majority, 183, are new detections and 85 per cent of these are not present in H ? surveys of the region. We find that more than half (54 per cent) of objects have a bipolar morphology and that some objects previously considered as elliptical or point-source in H ? imaging, appear bipolar in UWISH2 images. By considering a small subset of objects for which physical radii are available from the H ? surface brightness-radius relation, we find evidence that the H2 surface brightness remains roughly constant over a factor 20 range of radii from 0.03 to 0.6 pc, encompassing most of the visible lifetime of a PN. This leads to the H ? surface brightness becoming comparable to that of H2 at large radius (>0.5 pc). By combining the number of UWISH2 PNe without H ? detection with an estimate of the PN detection efficiency in H2 emission, we estimate that PN numbers from H ? surveys may underestimate the true PN number by a factor between 1.5 and 2.5 within the UWISH2 survey area.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1093/mnras/sty1580
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB460 Astrophysics
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
Depositing User: Dirk Froebrich
Date Deposited: 18 Jun 2018 10:48 UTC
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2021 14:00 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Campbell-White, J:
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