How (not) to make a durable state

Sobrevilla Perea, Natalia (2018) How (not) to make a durable state. In: Ginger, Andrew and Lawless, Geraldine, eds. Spain and the nineteenth century: New essays on experiences of culture and society. Interventions: Rethinking the nineteenth century . Manchester University Press, Manchester, UK, pp. 13-38. ISBN 978-1-5261-2474-6. (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Abstract

The great transformations brought by the age of revolution at the end of the eighteenth century and the beginning of the nineteenth resulted in the final dismemberment of the composite Hispanic Monarchy (monarqui?a espan?ola) and the emergence of over a dozen new states, which embarked on the process of creating nations. This was not only the case as regards the new republics that arose in the Spanish transatlantic possessions from Mexico to Chile but also with respect to Spain, which had to redefine itself and build a nation on the remains of an empire that still included the islands of Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines as well as territories in the mainland with important cultural and linguistic differences such as those found in the Basque country, Galicia and Catalonia. The key question was how to build a durable state. I argue that the way in which the Hispanic Monarchy was constituted by the amalgamation of the crowns of Castile and Aragon, with their histories of expansion and dynastic unions, as well as how the colonial enterprise was carried out resulted in deeply embedded systems of government and governance that created particular idiosyncrasies. The way in which the composite monarchy unraveled from the eighteenth century onwards and the attempts the new Bourbon monarchs made to stem this decline are also considered as they created some of the challenges with which the new states had to grapple in the nineteen century. By looking at Europe and America I hope to present a richer picture of the differences and similarities that characterized both areas in the national period.

Item Type: Book section
Uncontrolled keywords: Nineteenth century Spain, nineteenth century Latin America, state-building
Subjects: D History General and Old World
D History General and Old World > DP Spain
F History United States, Canada, Latin America
F History United States, Canada, Latin America > F1201 Latin America (General)
Divisions: Faculties > Humanities > School of European Culture and Languages
Faculties > Humanities > School of European Culture and Languages > Hispanic Studies
Depositing User: Natalia Sobrevilla Perea
Date Deposited: 17 May 2018 12:06 UTC
Last Modified: 23 May 2018 09:05 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/67076 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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