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New ways of combating demineralization: link between classic and allopathic medicine

Idoraşi, Laura and Secoşan, Sandra Andreea and Ogodescu, Alexandru and Sinescu, Cosmin and Zaharia, Cristian and Stan, Adrian Tudor and Podoleanu, Adrian G. and Negruţiu, Meda-Lavinia (2018) New ways of combating demineralization: link between classic and allopathic medicine. In: Podoleanu, Adrian G.H. and Bang, Ole, eds. 2nd Canterbury Conference on OCT with Emphasis on Broadband Optical Sources. Proceedings of SPIE . SPIE. ISBN 978-1-5106-1674-5. E-ISBN 978-1-5106-1675-2. (doi:10.1117/12.2281725)

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Abstract

Prevention and allopathic medicine gained attention, since it is possible for dentists to prevent demineralization, using plants and natural substances with well-known efficacy. The purpose of this study was to present new methods for teeth remineralization. It was made a selection of 10 extracted teeth, maintained in physiological serum, with no color fading, decay or demineralization. It was induced demineralization, with ortho-phosphoric acid (concentration 45 %), for one minute. The probes were visually and with optical coherence tomography (OCT) inspected. The natural product and the bonding with additional nanoparticles of argent were created and applied on the demineralization zone of the both groups of teeth. Each tooth in the first group had one plain surface demineralized. The second group of teeth had a cavity prepared on one of each tooth’s side. The pastes were applied on the demineralized surfaces and in the demineralized cavities for two minutes. After time expired, the pasta applied on the first group of teeth was washed away; the bonding above the second group of teeth was light cured. The probes were again visually and with OCT inspected. It was observed an improvement in remineralizing the white marks on plain surfaces and in the created cavities, the OCT being able to detect different levels of remineralization. The efficacy of natural pasta depends on the time it is applied and the concentration of the different main substances. Also, the type of surface, plain or occlusal facets, may influence the substances’ penetration ability. The non-invasive specific feature of these products, low costs and safety are strong positive aspects of this method of remineralization. However, the natural process of remineralization is a long-lasting one; perfecting the main substances in order to accelerate the process, in addition to several in vivo studies would be necessary to be fulfilled.

Item Type: Book section
DOI/Identification number: 10.1117/12.2281725
Uncontrolled keywords: enamel demineralization, optical coherence tomography (OCT), remineralisation methods, natural products
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > School of Physical Sciences > Applied Optics Group
Depositing User: Adrian Podoleanu
Date Deposited: 16 May 2018 15:27 UTC
Last Modified: 26 Jan 2020 04:11 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/67056 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Podoleanu, Adrian G.: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4899-9656
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