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Opening the box? Tourism planning and development in Myanmar: capitalism, communities and change

Clifton, Julian, Hampton, Mark P., Jeyacheya, Julia (2018) Opening the box? Tourism planning and development in Myanmar: capitalism, communities and change. Asia Pacific Viewpoint, 59 (3). pp. 323-337. ISSN 1360-7456. E-ISSN 1467-8373. (doi:10.1111/apv.12200) (KAR id:66943)


Myanmar (formerly Burma) is emerging from almost six decades of international isolation into a period of rapid economic growth. Following moves towards increasing democratisation since 2011, Myanmar’s tourism industry has been propelled from “tourism pariah” to rising “tourism star” and is experiencing an extraordinary growth in tourism arrivals with associated revenues and investment. The unique rapidity of Myanmar’s recent transition enables an examination of how contemporary forces of globalisation and neoliberalism determine the direction and mode of tourism development from its beginnings. We show how tourism is perceived by the national government as an engine for rural development, conservation and livelihood creation for poor and rural communities. We then demonstrate how this is re-shaped by a globalised tourism industry into a socially and economically exclusive model which capitalises upon weak governance and disempowered local stakeholders. We conclude with observations which may point towards a more sustainable and responsible tourism industry.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1111/apv.12200
Uncontrolled keywords: tourism planning; development policy; neoliberalism; economic development; Southeast Asia
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation. Leisure
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
J Political Science > JQ Political institutions and public administrations (Asia, Africa, Australia, Pacific Area, etc.)
Divisions: Divisions > Kent Business School - Division > Department of Leadership and Management
Funders: [37325] UNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Mark Hampton
Date Deposited: 08 May 2018 11:25 UTC
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2024 17:45 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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