The tale of two talins – two isoforms to fine-tune integrin signalling

Gough, Rosemarie E. and Goult, Benjamin T (2018) The tale of two talins – two isoforms to fine-tune integrin signalling. FEBS Letters, . ISSN 0014-5793. (In press) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1002/1873-3468.13081) (Full text available)

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Abstract

Talins are cytoplasmic adapter proteins essential for integrin-mediated cell adhesion to the extracellular matrix. Talins control the activation state of integrins, link integrins to cytoskeletal actin, recruit numerous signalling molecules that mediate integrin signalling, and coordinate recruitment of microtubules to adhesion sites via interaction with KANK (kidney ankyrin repeat- containing) proteins. Vertebrates have two talin genes, TLN1 and TLN2. Although talin1 and talin2 share 76% protein sequence identity (88% similarity), they are not functionally redundant, and the differences between the two isoforms are not fully understood. In this Review, we focus on the similarities and differences between the two talins in terms of structure, biochemistry and function, which hint at subtle differences in fine-tuning adhesion signalling.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: talin, mechanobiology, integrin
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > School of Biosciences
Depositing User: Ben Goult
Date Deposited: 04 May 2018 11:12 UTC
Last Modified: 17 May 2018 10:56 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/66903 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Goult, Benjamin T: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3438-2807
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