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Prospective memory in children and adults with autism spectrum disorder

Landsiedel, Julia (2017) Prospective memory in children and adults with autism spectrum disorder. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) thesis, University of Kent,. (KAR id:66668)

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Abstract

Prospective memory (PM) or memory for delayed intentions refers to the ability to remember to carry out a planned intention at an appropriate moment in the future. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterised by a cognitive profile of strengths and weaknesses, which suggest that PM may be a challenge for individuals with this condition. A small group of studies investigating PM in ASD have produced heterogeneous evidence. Thus, the aim of this thesis was to advance our understanding of PM abilities in ASD. Based on a meta-analysis as well as a thorough review of the existing literature, the experiments in this thesis targeted two main questions. (1) What underpins time-based PM problems in ASD and how could they be addressed? (2) Is event-based PM in ASD impaired or spared? The findings in this thesis indicate that ASD is characterised by time-based PM impairments, which were related to executive functioning, on the one hand, whereas on the other hand event-based PM abilities remain spared. The theoretical and practical implications of these results, as well as directions for future research are discussed.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctor of Philosophy (PhD))
Thesis advisor: Williams, David
Thesis advisor: Abbot-Smith, Kirsten
Uncontrolled keywords: autism, prospective memory, event-based, time-based
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Psychology
SWORD Depositor: System Moodle
Depositing User: System Moodle
Date Deposited: 09 Apr 2018 11:10 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 13:54 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/66668 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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