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How common are challenging behaviours amongst individuals with Fragile X Syndrome? A systematic review

Hardiman, Rebbca, McGill, Peter (2018) How common are challenging behaviours amongst individuals with Fragile X Syndrome? A systematic review. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 76 . pp. 99-109. ISSN 0891-4222. (doi:10.1016/j.ridd.2018.02.020) (KAR id:66645)

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Fragile X Syndrome (FXS) appears to be associated with an increased risk for engaging in challenging behavior, particularly self-injury, relative to those with mixed aetiology learning disabilities. Such behavioral issues are reported to be of high concern for those providing support. As such, this systematic review aimed to gain further epidemiological data regarding challenging behaviors in individuals with FXS, including: self-injurious behavior (SIB), hand-biting as a specific topography of SIB, aggression and property destruction. Twenty eight manuscripts were identified which reported the prevalence of a relevant topography of behavior, with widely varying prevalence estimates. Weighted averages of the prevalence of behaviors were calculated across studies. Comparison of proportions revealed significant gender differences and differences in the prevalence of types of behavior. It is hoped that this comprehensive overview of data on this clinically significant topic will help to inform and drive future investigation to understand and provide effective intervention for the benefit of those with FXS.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.ridd.2018.02.020
Uncontrolled keywords: Fragile X Syndrome; Self injurious behavior; Aggression; Property destruction; Problem behavior; Challenging behavior; Intellectual disability; Learning disability; Genetic syndromes; Behavioral phenotypes
Divisions: Divisions > Division for the Study of Law, Society and Social Justice > School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research > Tizard
Depositing User: Peter McGill
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2018 13:54 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 13:54 UTC
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