Cross-race correlations in the abilities to match unfamiliar faces

Kokje, Eesha and Bindemann, Markus (2018) Cross-race correlations in the abilities to match unfamiliar faces. Acta Psychologica, 185 . pp. 13-21. ISSN 0001-6918. (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2018.01.006) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Abstract

The other-race effect in face identification has been documented widely in memory tasks, but it persists also in identity-matching tasks, in which memory contributions are minimized. Whereas this points to a perceptual locus for this effect, it remains unresolved whether matching performance with same- and other-race faces is driven by shared cognitive mechanisms. To examine this question, this study compared Arab and Caucasian observers’ ability to match faces of their own race with their ability to match faces of another race using one-to-one (Experiment 1) and one-to-many (Experiment 2) identification tasks. Across both experiments, Arab and Caucasian observers demonstrated reliable other-race effects at a group level. At an individual level, substantial variation in accuracy was found, but performance with same-race and other-race faces correlated consistently and strongly. This indicates that the abilities to match same- and other-race faces share a common cognitive mechanism.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Cognitive Psychology
Depositing User: Markus Bindemann
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2018 10:34 UTC
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2018 08:30 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/66581 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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