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Essays on Internal Migration and Factor Reallocations in India

Jindal, Neha (2017) Essays on Internal Migration and Factor Reallocations in India. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) thesis, University of Kent,. (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:66354)

Language: English

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This thesis contains three essays on the Indian economy. They aim to contribute towards

components of demographical changes that bring up new economic opportunities. The ?rst

other key outcome of geographical mobility is that it generates remittances in the origin areas; our second essay is therefore related to this aspect of geographical mobility, analysing the impact of remittances on left-behind household expenditure behaviour. Our third and ?nal

matches in comparison to those who are not mobile. The results show a positive relation be

decision to relocate within India in search of a job does not contribute towards reducing the

over-education relative to those who are not mobile. In addition, we also try to investigate

movers and stayers. In terms of results, we ?nd that over-educated migrants are more likely

two results are linked, then they suggest that the job-educational mismatch among migrants

match could represent a trade-o? for better wages. If not, an alternative explanation could

of lower wages associated with over-education.

In the second chapter, we look at the impact of remittance ?ows on the economic well-being

dices of households productive assets, ?nancial assets, housing quality and consumer durables by applying a principal component analysis. Using panel data from the Indian Human Development Survey, we evaluate the changes in the stock of various kinds of assets by the incidence of remittances. The empirical ?ndings show that remittances have a signi?cant e?ect on the nature of investments carried out by the left-members in the rural household.

status of the households. Poor households with remittances lose out on the stock of con

remittances. In contrast, in the case of rich households, we do not ?nd any signi?cant impact

developing country, wages in Indias agricultural sector are signi?cantly below those of other

sector. In our study, we try to look at a puzzle which has been closely examined by several

despite other sectors of the economy paying better wages? To answer this question, we will

workers who do not switch sectors. Examining the wage premium from a worker's inter

sectoral switching will help us to determine whether the di?erence in wages across sectors are due to unobservable characteristics or, alternatively, if they re?ect the presence of di?erential pay between similar workers across sectors. Our results hence show a positive wage gain from the reallocation of workers out of agriculture. This ?nding suggests that the inter-sectoral wage gap is driven by the misallocation of resources in the economy.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctor of Philosophy (PhD))
Thesis advisor: Barde, Sylvain
Thesis advisor: Leon-Ledesma, Miguel A.
Uncontrolled keywords: Internal Migration, Remittances, Inter-sectoral reallocation
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Economics
SWORD Depositor: System Moodle
Depositing User: System Moodle
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2018 16:10 UTC
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2019 10:43 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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