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YSO Jets in the Galactic Plane from UWISH2. IV. Jets and Outflows in Cygnus-X

Makin, S.V., Froebrich, Dirk (2018) YSO Jets in the Galactic Plane from UWISH2. IV. Jets and Outflows in Cygnus-X. The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 234 (1). ISSN 0067-0049. E-ISSN 1538-4365. (doi:10.3847/1538-4365/aa8862) (KAR id:65988)


We have performed an unbiased search for outflows from young stars in Cygnus-X using 42 deg2 of data from the UKIRT Widefield Infrared Survey for H2 (UWISH2 Survey), to identify shock-excited near-IR H2 emission in the 1–0 S(1) 2.122 ?m line. We uncovered 572 outflows, of which 465 are new discoveries, increasing the number of known objects by more than 430%. This large and unbiased sample allows us to statistically determine the typical properties of outflows from young stars. We found 261 bipolar outflows, and 16% of these are parsec scale. The typical bipolar outflow is 0.45 pc in length and has gaps of 0.025–0.1 pc between large knots. The median luminosity in the 1–0 S(1) line is 10?3 {L}? . The bipolar flows are typically asymmetrical, with the two lobes misaligned by 5°, one lobe 30% shorter than the other, and one lobe twice as bright as the other. Of the remaining outflows, 152 are single-sided and 159 are groups of extended, shock-excited H2 emission without identifiable driving sources. Half of all driving sources have sufficient WISE data to determine their evolutionary status as either protostars (80%) or classical T Tauri stars (20%). One-fifth of the driving sources are variable by more than 0.5 mag in the K-band continuum over several years. Several of the newly identified outflows provide excellent targets for follow-up studies. We particularly encourage the study of the outflows and young stars identified in a bright-rimmed cloud near IRAS 20294+4255, which seems to represent a textbook example of triggered star formation.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.3847/1538-4365/aa8862
Uncontrolled keywords: catalogs, ISM: jets and outflows, stars: formation, stars: protostars, stars: winds, outflows, surveys
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
Funders: Science and Technology Facilities Council (
Depositing User: S.V. Makin
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2018 11:32 UTC
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2024 17:32 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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Makin, S.V..

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Froebrich, Dirk.

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