Skip to main content

Indoor Thermal Comfort of Residential Buildings in the Hot-Humid Climate of Nigeria during the dry season

Adaji, Michael, Watkins, Richard, Adler, Gerald (2017) Indoor Thermal Comfort of Residential Buildings in the Hot-Humid Climate of Nigeria during the dry season. In: Design to thrive: Proceedings of 33rd PLEA International Conference, Vol. 1. . 949 -956. PLEA, Edinburgh, Scotland ISBN 978-0-9928957-5-4. (doi:

PDF - Publisher pdf
Download (451kB) Preview
Official URL


The indoor thermal conditions in residential buildings in two locations in Abuja, Nigeria were investigated to understand the ideal conditions of occupants in this hot-humid climate. Understanding these conditions helps give an insight into what people are experiencing in their houses and how they adapt to the high temperatures. The study seeks to fill the gap in research of occupants’ thermal comfort in this area by providing empirical thermal comfort data from a city in the tropical region. During the study, 86 households responded to a post occupancy questionnaire to evaluate their building and how they adapt to high temperatures. A comfort survey questionnaire was administered to occupants of four low-income residential households to assess their perception of their thermal environment. These included two air-conditioned and two naturally ventilated buildings with the questionnaires having over 80% return rate. Simultaneously, physical measurements were taken in the living room, bedroom and outdoor spaces to evaluate the actual building performance and thermal environment. Most occupants in the residential buildings in this climate experienced thermal discomfort and were uncomfortable with their thermal environment as suggested by the results of the study. The data further suggest the preferred conditions are operative temperatures above 28°C.

Item Type: Conference or workshop item (Proceeding)
DOI/Identification number:
Uncontrolled keywords: Thermal comfort, Residential buildings, hot-humid Climate
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture
T Technology > TH Building construction
Divisions: Faculties > Humanities > Architecture
Depositing User: M.U. Adaji
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2018 12:37 UTC
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2019 10:43 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Adaji, Michael:
Watkins, Richard:
  • Depositors only (login required):


Downloads per month over past year